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Chemical properties and stability of formic acid

2020-03-07
For the chemical properties and stability of Formic ACID, follow Zibo Ruibao Chemical Co., Ltd. to find out!
Formic Acid can be used in many industries in life, and its uses are extremely extensive. The following are introduced by the company's editor:
Formic acid, also known as formic acid, has the molecular formula HCOOH. Formic acid is colorless, irritating, and corrosive. Human skin foams and swells after contact. Formaldehyde has both acid and aldehyde properties. In the chemical industry, formic acid is used in the rubber, pharmaceutical, dye, and leather industries.
1. Chemical properties: Formic acid is a strong reducing agent and can undergo silver mirror reaction. It is strongly acidic in saturated fatty acids and has a dissociation constant of 2.1 × 10-4. Slowly decomposes into carbon monoxide and water at room temperature. It is heated to 60 ~ 80 ℃ with concentrated sulfuric acid to liberate carbon monoxide. Formic acid will release carbon dioxide and hydrogen when heated above 160 ° C. The alkali metal salt of formic acid is heated to 400 ° C to generate oxalate.
2. Formic acid can dissolve fat. Inhalation of formic acid vapors has a severe irritating effect on the nasal and oral mucosa and can cause inflammation. Protective masks and rubber gloves must be worn when handling concentrated formic acid. The workshop must have shower and eyewash equipment, and the workplace must have a good ventilation environment. The high allowable formic acid concentration in the air in the boundary area is 5 * 10-6. The inhaler should leave the scene immediately, inhale fresh air, and inhale 2% atomized sodium bicarbonate. Once contaminated with formic acid, rinse immediately with plenty of water, taking care not to wipe with a damp cloth.
3. Stability: stable
4. Incompatible materials: strong oxidant, strong alkali, active metal powder
5. Polymerization Hazard: Non-polymerization
Formic acid is closely related to life. High-quality formic acid can improve the quality of life. If you are interested in our products, welcome your consultation and purchase, we will serve you wholeheartedly!
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